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Irreversible Severe Internal Bleeding: A Xarelto Side-effect


For almost 60 years, beginning in 1954, the anti-coagulant drug that has always been prescribed by doctors was Warfarin, even though it required users to exercise, frequently undergo blood tests and strictly control their diet, for the drug to be safe and effective.

The approval of Pradaxa (by the US Food and Drug Administration or FDA) in 2010 immediately won the approval of doctors as this new drug did not have the same requirements as Warfarin. Pradaxa was also the first among the different brands of direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI) drugs introduced in the market. Shortly after it became available this anticoagulant’s or blood thinning medication’s prescriptions and sales increased greatly, enjoying a major share in the market (at least) until 2011, when Xarelto was introduced.

Xarelto, the second DTI type of drug approved by the FDA, is jointly manufactured by Janssen Pharmaceuticals (a Johnson & Johnson subsidiary) and Bayer Health Care. It also directly blocks thrombin production like Pradaxa; however, it does more, as it is able to slow down the production of the protein Factor Xa, a necessary factor in thrombin formation.

Xarelto is currently the number one anti-coagulant drug in the US, gaining immediate success in sales due to the more benefits it provides compared to other drugs of its kind. Besides effectively preventing the formation of harmful blood clots, and reducing risks of stroke and the possibility of blood clots from recurring in individuals who have had a surgery for knee or for total hip replacement, Xarelto has also been proven very effective in:

  • Reducing the recurrence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a condition wherein blood clots form in deep veins, usually in the legs, and pulmonary embolism (PE), which is blood clot that develop in the lungs
  • Reducing risks of stroke
  • Treating patients suffering from atrial fibrillation (an irregularity in heartbeat rate or rhythm)

Within its first year of availability, however, Xarelto had already been linked to cases of serious side-effects and deaths. These cases, according to the Institution for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP), a nonprofit organization, include: uncontrollable bleeding, especially in internal organs; brain hemorrhaging; coughing up and vomiting of blood; presence of blood in urine and stool; epidural or spinal hematomas, which can result to permanent paralysis; and, heart-related problems following discontinuation.

Due to the many different side-effects of Xarelto, which have harmed (and continue to harm) patients shortly after using the drug, lawsuits have been filed, some based on product liability and a few on wrongful death. The major basis of the lawsuits, however, is severe internal bleeding, which is much more difficult to stop, compared to other blood thinners, and to which there is no known cure.

Unlike the bleeding caused by Warfarin, which can be reversed by vitamin K, the bleeding that Xarelto causes has no antidote, making this side-effect a life-threatening situation for patients. It is, therefore, very important that patients who have been prescribed with Xarelto and have been diagnosed with one of its adverse effects, contact the Xarelto lawsuit lawyers at the National Injury Law Center for competent representation that will help earn for them the full amount of compensation allowed by the law.

Factors to Consider In Your Motorcycle Accident Claim


For a motorcycle accident claim to be successful, the factors that come into play and that could also affect the case are also the same as that in any vehicle accident claims. The injured plaintiff in the motorcycle accident should be able to prove the negligent and careless actions of the defending driver, and the resulting injuries and damages that were done because of these actions. The laws pertaining to motorcycles injuries and accidents can differ from state to state, and it is highly advised to consult with a lawyer before pursuing an injury or compensation claim.

One of the important factors to consider when filing for a motorcycle accident claim is the available insurance – it is vital to have the right insurance coverage and enough funds in order to cover for the damages. There are specific types of insurance coverage and even certain state laws the govern motorcycle accidents, and it is vital to know what are the necessary requirements. Getting the right insurance policy can greatly affect the chances of getting compensation since most states can provide limited coverage for those who do not have the appropriate coverage. Not having enough funds can cause the plaintiff to spend their own money for medical expenses and vehicle repairs.

Next factors to consider are the documentation and records. Gathering as much information about witnesses, the other drivers involved, photographs of the scene and damages, and other relevant data that may come in handy for your claim. Getting medical treatment immediately after the accident can also ensure that you have the accident documented, and this could create a paper trail that the insurance adjuster can follow to determine the legitimacy of your claim and the possible compensation that could be granted. These documents and records are important evidence when you need to present your case in court before the judge.

Lastly, make sure that you file your insurance claim within the allocated time and with the necessary information and supporting documents. There are certain time restrictions when filing for a personal injury or motorcycle accident claim. Make sure that the insurance companies are informed about the accident as soon as possible, since they can deny the claim when the claims have been filed a little later. When physical restrictions prevents the filing of the claim personally, hiring a lawyer to represent you in court would be the next best thing.

Obtaining a Temporary Visa


Nonimmigrant visas are available to people looking to live or work in the United States temporarily, while maintaining their residency in another country. Nonimmigrant visas are available to an array of candidates. Amongst other things, nonimmigrant visa holders in the United States are students, spouses, transfer employees, and visitors. Despite the varying reasons for being in the United States, nonimmigrant visa holders are all only visiting the United States temporarily. In contrast to nonimmigrant visas, immigrant visas are granted to people who want to be permanent residents of the United States.

Most visas are subject to annual caps. An annual limits the amount of visas that can be distributed within a given year. For example, the H-2b visa (available to nonimmigrant temporary workers) has an annual cap of 66,000. So within a given year no more than 66,000 new H-2b visas can be granted to people seeking them. Typically half of visas are distributed at the beginning of the fiscal year, and the other half of this particular visa is distributed in the middle of the fiscal year. Some potential visa holders are exempt from the cap if they hold a masters degree of higher, work for a university, work for a non-profit, and work for a research institution. Additionally, specific groups of nationals are exempt from being filtered out by the annual cap.

Unlike work-related visas, student visas are not subject to annual caps or specific timelines. As long as the student is enrolled in a full course load at an institution approved by the Department of Homeland Security, they do not have to complete their educational program within a rigid specified time.

For more information on nonimmigrant visas, contact the attorneys of William Jang, PLLC, today.

Caffeine Consumption as Harmful to Maturing Brains


The Swiss National Science Foundation studied how caffeine can negatively affect young brains. The Children’s University Hospital Zurich used rats as the subject of a study. Compared to the rats that were given normal drinking water, rats given caffeine drinks didn’t sleep as deeply. Studies show that many important neural connections are formed during sleep, especially in young people. Anything disrupting the quality of sleep could pose a threat to developing intellectual and behavioral patterns, since deep sleep is such a valuable commodity for maturing brains.

Young people who don’t get as much sleep are at a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety. In addition to decreased quality of sleep, researchers in Zurich also found that rats given caffeine became more timid with age, rather than curious. This links back to a stunting of mental maturation, as the water-drinking rats were bolder.

Unfortunately, within the last 30 years, caffeine consumption in teenagers and children has increased in popularity possibly because of the strong presence of energy drinks. Many marketing strategies target young people, and energy drinks are no exception to this. Labeling and advertising sells a fast-paced lifestyle that is attractive to young audiences. The total U.S. sales of popular energy drinks, so far for 2013, between Red Bull, Rockstar, and Monster is $7.7million.

No Relief for Rape Victim’s Mother in Criminal Court


A Montana teacher who admitted to having sexual intercourse with his underage student gets a suspended sentence, reducing his period of incarceration to 31 days. The student committed suicide shortly before her 17th birthday and in the final stages of the trial.

Cherice Morales was 14 years old when she had sex with her 49-year-old teacher, Stacey Dean Rambold. When the school administration found out, Rambold resigned. Shortly after, he was charged with 3 counts of sexual intercourse without consent. In Montana, the age of consent for sexual intercourse is 16 years old. He pleaded to one count of rape and was eventually sentenced to 15 years in prison.

However, the sentencing judge, G. Todd Baugh, suspended all but 31 days of the sentence, and gave Rambold credit for the one day he spent in jail before the trial. His reasoning: the girl seemed old enough to know what she was doing. This was despite the law which states that a girl of 14 cannot legally consent to sexual intercourse with an adult.

Ms. Morales’s mother, Auliea Hanlon, calls the sentence a joke and travesty of justice. She maintains that the humiliation of being the center of the rape trial was too much for her daughter, who sought for a way out through suicide. It seemed that the judge did not see it that way, and that Rambold was “treatable” and that his crime was not serious enough to warrant more than 30 days behind bars. A homeless man who took $9.30 from the dry cleaners to pay for some shelter from the cold was sentenced to 5 years in prison in 2012.

It would seem that Ms. Hanlon may get more satisfaction in civil court by suing Rambold for the wrongful death of her daughter.

Are Field Sobriety Tests (FST) On The Water Reliable?


When a person is stopped by a police officer on the water for drinking and boating, they may be expected to submit to many of the same tests commonly found in DUI investigations. However, many of these field sobriety tests can provide faulty information due to some serious accuracy errors that should not go overlooked by a defendant facing boating under the influence (BUI) allegations. After all, a person going between water and land may lack many of the same balance abilities that a person on land for hours may have established.

FSTs Admitted under Improper Conditions

Field sobriety tests (FST) are meant to be taken on dry land, away from the inconsistent balance of the water. However, a police officer may push a boater to submit to a test without taking the law into consideration. Anyone taking a FST is supposed to be given a few minutes to regain their composure off of a boat and on to plain land. However, tests may be taken on a boat or without this adequate time to readjust a person’s legs and balance.

People on the water for several hours may not be stable enough to reliably pass a balance and reaction test on land in the matter of minutes. If officers push these tests all the same, the results may be thrown out of court as unreliable evidence. This can severely weaken a police officer’s BUI claim.

Defending Your Rights after BUI

If you’re facing boating under the influence allegations and aren’t sure where to turn for legal assistance, you may want to discuss your defense options with an experienced attorney. For more information about what tests police are allowed to conduct and which ones are reliable enough to be used as evidence, contact a DUI attorney today.

Understanding Product Liability


Product liability, most generally, refers to cases in which a consumer claims that a product he or she used was unsafe and caused injury or illness. In these cases, manufacturers or designers of the product in question may be made to pay an injured consumer financial compensation, if their product was, in fact, dangerous to use or consume. Because millions of products are released to consumers every year all over the country, product liability cases are rather common; the sheer amount of products available increases the rate at which some of them are unsafe. But this should serve as a warning to manufacturers and designers, to make them even more careful when designing and distributing products.

Unfortunately, many people are still wrongfully injured by dangerous products in the U.S. Some industries are implicated more often than others, often because they are industries that people use the most frequently. These industries include:

* Childcare Product and Toys
* Food Containers and Food Products
* Machines and Equipment
* Pharmaceutical Products

These industries are often seen in product liability case, but part of that is because they are industries utilized by almost every consumer in the country. However, safe design and construction of products is the responsibility of their manufacturers, and if they fail to ensure that their products or containers are safe, they should be held legally accountable for the effects that product may have on an innocent person.

If you or someone you know has been injured or has become ill because he or she used an unsafe or malfunctioning product, it is important to know that you or that person may be entitled to receive monetary compensation. Contact an experienced personal injury lawyer today to discuss your options. You might get compensation that will equal or exceed the costs that you have incurred as a result of your experience.

Choosing The Right Personal Injury Attorney For Your Case


Whether you have suffered an injury due to a negligent motorist in a car accident or even from a careless doctor in a medical malpractice case, if you take legal action and pursue financial compensation by filing a civil lawsuit, you are going to need a personal injury attorney on your side. Depending on the seriousness of your injuries and length of your case, you may be seeing your personal injury lawyer quite often. Because of this, you need to make sure you have the right attorney for your case.

Many people dont realize how important a personal injury lawyer is to the success of your case. You need to make sure you choose a skilled, knowledgeable, and dedicated attorney to help you every step of the way.

How Can I Pick Out the Right Lawyer?
There are a number of tips and techniques you can use to make sure you hire the right attorney for your case. This includes the following:

* Start with the initial consultation or interview. Ask a number of questions during the interview and try to get a feeling for the attorneys personality and attitude to see if it fits well with you.
* Come prepared with questions about the attorneys background and areas of focus. Also, dont be afraid to ask personal questions.
* Think about the cost. Although you may be trying to save money, hiring a cheaper lawyer may not be the right choice if you dont get an attorney you can trust. Many firms work on a contingency fee basis where they dont get paid unless you win your case so ask about that in the consultation.
* Find out what area of the law the lawyer focuses on. If he or she has a lot of experience handling medical malpractice cases but has never dealt with a product liability case, you may want to go to a different lawyer.

Get the attorney who is best for your case today by following the above tips. To learn more about your case and legal options for recovering compensation, contact a personal injury lawyer today.

Dog Owner Laws


When dogs are allowed to run around without a leash, they can become more than just a nuisance; they may actually be a danger. However, many people are not very clear on the exact laws surrounding dogs, leashes, and owner responsibility. Despite a lack of knowledge that many people have about dog ownership laws, most everyone is aware that owning a dog comes with a certain level of inherent responsibility towards the safety of others.
Unfortunately, the state of Ohio is one of the many states that does not have a leash law, as other states do. Due to this, dog owners are legally allowed to take their pet out without a leash. However, even with this freedom, dog owners can still be held accountable for the actions of their dogs if they get out of control.

Owner Responsibilities

While the leash laws that exist in other states do not apply in Ohio, there are some responsibilities for dog owners which are specified in state law, including:

Registration Owner must register all their dogs that are 3 months or older with the county
Control Whether or not the dog is on a leash, the owner must make sure their dog is under control around others
Confinement When owners are not around, their dogs must be kept within the boundaries of their property, either by a fence, leash, or other means.

When an animal attacks and bites a person, it is clearly out of the control of the owner. If you or someone you love was bitten by a dog, it is your absolute right to seek compensation from the dog’s owner for the injuries you have sustained. A dog bite injury case can help you recover compensation for your emotional and physical suffering, medical expenses, lost wages, and more. Contact an experienced personal injury lawyer to learn more.

2 Important Features Of Contract Law


The decision to start a new business is exciting and can come with many big dreams for success in the future. But anyone who is planning on creating and operating a new business must also know that this process can be complicated, in the sense that a lot of paperwork and process must be completed before a business can really be underway. However, with the right help, a potential new business owner can ensure that all of the necessary steps are taken to create his or her new business, without any hiccups or extended delays.

Contract law is an important facet of creating a new business, and every business owner should be somewhat familiar with this facet. Any new business is going to have multiple contracts involved, often between employers and employees, between business partners, and between any sponsors or financial backers. Other contracts might also be involved, but whatever the set up of your business, its critical that your contracts are created and completed correctly, to guard against any unwanted legal issue in the future.

2 Important Features

Contract law is complex, so sometimes its easier for people to understand when broken down. There are two essential features of contract law:

1. Contract Drafting
2. Contract Reviewing

Both of these processes are important when making a contract for your new business. Your contracts will have to be reviewed and approved by appropriate representatives before they can become valid, so the drafting phase is extremely important. While many business owners dont know how to draft their own contracts with all of contract law involved, the right legal representative can help you with this process.

If you or someone you know is starting a new business and needs advice or assistance regarding new contracts, contact an experienced Lafayette business attorney today to discuss how you can get the help you need.

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