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Obtaining a Temporary Visa

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Nonimmigrant visas are available to people looking to live or work in the United States temporarily, while maintaining their residency in another country. Nonimmigrant visas are available to an array of candidates. Amongst other things, nonimmigrant visa holders in the United States are students, spouses, transfer employees, and visitors. Despite the varying reasons for being in the United States, nonimmigrant visa holders are all only visiting the United States temporarily. In contrast to nonimmigrant visas, immigrant visas are granted to people who want to be permanent residents of the United States.

Most visas are subject to annual caps. An annual limits the amount of visas that can be distributed within a given year. For example, the H-2b visa (available to nonimmigrant temporary workers) has an annual cap of 66,000. So within a given year no more than 66,000 new H-2b visas can be granted to people seeking them. Typically half of visas are distributed at the beginning of the fiscal year, and the other half of this particular visa is distributed in the middle of the fiscal year. Some potential visa holders are exempt from the cap if they hold a masters degree of higher, work for a university, work for a non-profit, and work for a research institution. Additionally, specific groups of nationals are exempt from being filtered out by the annual cap.

Unlike work-related visas, student visas are not subject to annual caps or specific timelines. As long as the student is enrolled in a full course load at an institution approved by the Department of Homeland Security, they do not have to complete their educational program within a rigid specified time.

For more information on nonimmigrant visas, contact the attorneys of William Jang, PLLC, today.


Caffeine Consumption as Harmful to Maturing Brains

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The Swiss National Science Foundation studied how caffeine can negatively affect young brains. The Children’s University Hospital Zurich used rats as the subject of a study. Compared to the rats that were given normal drinking water, rats given caffeine drinks didn’t sleep as deeply. Studies show that many important neural connections are formed during sleep, especially in young people. Anything disrupting the quality of sleep could pose a threat to developing intellectual and behavioral patterns, since deep sleep is such a valuable commodity for maturing brains.

Young people who don’t get as much sleep are at a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety. In addition to decreased quality of sleep, researchers in Zurich also found that rats given caffeine became more timid with age, rather than curious. This links back to a stunting of mental maturation, as the water-drinking rats were bolder.

Unfortunately, within the last 30 years, caffeine consumption in teenagers and children has increased in popularity possibly because of the strong presence of energy drinks. Many marketing strategies target young people, and energy drinks are no exception to this. Labeling and advertising sells a fast-paced lifestyle that is attractive to young audiences. The total U.S. sales of popular energy drinks, so far for 2013, between Red Bull, Rockstar, and Monster is $7.7million.


No Relief for Rape Victim’s Mother in Criminal Court

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A Montana teacher who admitted to having sexual intercourse with his underage student gets a suspended sentence, reducing his period of incarceration to 31 days. The student committed suicide shortly before her 17th birthday and in the final stages of the trial.

Cherice Morales was 14 years old when she had sex with her 49-year-old teacher, Stacey Dean Rambold. When the school administration found out, Rambold resigned. Shortly after, he was charged with 3 counts of sexual intercourse without consent. In Montana, the age of consent for sexual intercourse is 16 years old. He pleaded to one count of rape and was eventually sentenced to 15 years in prison.

However, the sentencing judge, G. Todd Baugh, suspended all but 31 days of the sentence, and gave Rambold credit for the one day he spent in jail before the trial. His reasoning: the girl seemed old enough to know what she was doing. This was despite the law which states that a girl of 14 cannot legally consent to sexual intercourse with an adult.

Ms. Morales’s mother, Auliea Hanlon, calls the sentence a joke and travesty of justice. She maintains that the humiliation of being the center of the rape trial was too much for her daughter, who sought for a way out through suicide. It seemed that the judge did not see it that way, and that Rambold was “treatable” and that his crime was not serious enough to warrant more than 30 days behind bars. A homeless man who took $9.30 from the dry cleaners to pay for some shelter from the cold was sentenced to 5 years in prison in 2012.

It would seem that Ms. Hanlon may get more satisfaction in civil court by suing Rambold for the wrongful death of her daughter.


Are Field Sobriety Tests (FST) On The Water Reliable?

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When a person is stopped by a police officer on the water for drinking and boating, they may be expected to submit to many of the same tests commonly found in DUI investigations. However, many of these field sobriety tests can provide faulty information due to some serious accuracy errors that should not go overlooked by a defendant facing boating under the influence (BUI) allegations. After all, a person going between water and land may lack many of the same balance abilities that a person on land for hours may have established.

FSTs Admitted under Improper Conditions

Field sobriety tests (FST) are meant to be taken on dry land, away from the inconsistent balance of the water. However, a police officer may push a boater to submit to a test without taking the law into consideration. Anyone taking a FST is supposed to be given a few minutes to regain their composure off of a boat and on to plain land. However, tests may be taken on a boat or without this adequate time to readjust a person’s legs and balance.

People on the water for several hours may not be stable enough to reliably pass a balance and reaction test on land in the matter of minutes. If officers push these tests all the same, the results may be thrown out of court as unreliable evidence. This can severely weaken a police officer’s BUI claim.

Defending Your Rights after BUI

If you’re facing boating under the influence allegations and aren’t sure where to turn for legal assistance, you may want to discuss your defense options with an experienced attorney. For more information about what tests police are allowed to conduct and which ones are reliable enough to be used as evidence, contact a DUI attorney today.


Understanding Product Liability

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Product liability, most generally, refers to cases in which a consumer claims that a product he or she used was unsafe and caused injury or illness. In these cases, manufacturers or designers of the product in question may be made to pay an injured consumer financial compensation, if their product was, in fact, dangerous to use or consume. Because millions of products are released to consumers every year all over the country, product liability cases are rather common; the sheer amount of products available increases the rate at which some of them are unsafe. But this should serve as a warning to manufacturers and designers, to make them even more careful when designing and distributing products.

Unfortunately, many people are still wrongfully injured by dangerous products in the U.S. Some industries are implicated more often than others, often because they are industries that people use the most frequently. These industries include:

* Childcare Product and Toys
* Food Containers and Food Products
* Machines and Equipment
* Pharmaceutical Products

These industries are often seen in product liability case, but part of that is because they are industries utilized by almost every consumer in the country. However, safe design and construction of products is the responsibility of their manufacturers, and if they fail to ensure that their products or containers are safe, they should be held legally accountable for the effects that product may have on an innocent person.

If you or someone you know has been injured or has become ill because he or she used an unsafe or malfunctioning product, it is important to know that you or that person may be entitled to receive monetary compensation. Contact an experienced personal injury lawyer today to discuss your options. You might get compensation that will equal or exceed the costs that you have incurred as a result of your experience.


Choosing The Right Personal Injury Attorney For Your Case

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Whether you have suffered an injury due to a negligent motorist in a car accident or even from a careless doctor in a medical malpractice case, if you take legal action and pursue financial compensation by filing a civil lawsuit, you are going to need a personal injury attorney on your side. Depending on the seriousness of your injuries and length of your case, you may be seeing your personal injury lawyer quite often. Because of this, you need to make sure you have the right attorney for your case.

Many people dont realize how important a personal injury lawyer is to the success of your case. You need to make sure you choose a skilled, knowledgeable, and dedicated attorney to help you every step of the way.

How Can I Pick Out the Right Lawyer?
There are a number of tips and techniques you can use to make sure you hire the right attorney for your case. This includes the following:

* Start with the initial consultation or interview. Ask a number of questions during the interview and try to get a feeling for the attorneys personality and attitude to see if it fits well with you.
* Come prepared with questions about the attorneys background and areas of focus. Also, dont be afraid to ask personal questions.
* Think about the cost. Although you may be trying to save money, hiring a cheaper lawyer may not be the right choice if you dont get an attorney you can trust. Many firms work on a contingency fee basis where they dont get paid unless you win your case so ask about that in the consultation.
* Find out what area of the law the lawyer focuses on. If he or she has a lot of experience handling medical malpractice cases but has never dealt with a product liability case, you may want to go to a different lawyer.

Get the attorney who is best for your case today by following the above tips. To learn more about your case and legal options for recovering compensation, contact a personal injury lawyer today.


Dog Owner Laws

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When dogs are allowed to run around without a leash, they can become more than just a nuisance; they may actually be a danger. However, many people are not very clear on the exact laws surrounding dogs, leashes, and owner responsibility. Despite a lack of knowledge that many people have about dog ownership laws, most everyone is aware that owning a dog comes with a certain level of inherent responsibility towards the safety of others.
Unfortunately, the state of Ohio is one of the many states that does not have a leash law, as other states do. Due to this, dog owners are legally allowed to take their pet out without a leash. However, even with this freedom, dog owners can still be held accountable for the actions of their dogs if they get out of control.

Owner Responsibilities

While the leash laws that exist in other states do not apply in Ohio, there are some responsibilities for dog owners which are specified in state law, including:

Registration Owner must register all their dogs that are 3 months or older with the county
Control Whether or not the dog is on a leash, the owner must make sure their dog is under control around others
Confinement When owners are not around, their dogs must be kept within the boundaries of their property, either by a fence, leash, or other means.

When an animal attacks and bites a person, it is clearly out of the control of the owner. If you or someone you love was bitten by a dog, it is your absolute right to seek compensation from the dog’s owner for the injuries you have sustained. A dog bite injury case can help you recover compensation for your emotional and physical suffering, medical expenses, lost wages, and more. Contact an experienced personal injury lawyer to learn more.


2 Important Features Of Contract Law

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The decision to start a new business is exciting and can come with many big dreams for success in the future. But anyone who is planning on creating and operating a new business must also know that this process can be complicated, in the sense that a lot of paperwork and process must be completed before a business can really be underway. However, with the right help, a potential new business owner can ensure that all of the necessary steps are taken to create his or her new business, without any hiccups or extended delays.

Contract law is an important facet of creating a new business, and every business owner should be somewhat familiar with this facet. Any new business is going to have multiple contracts involved, often between employers and employees, between business partners, and between any sponsors or financial backers. Other contracts might also be involved, but whatever the set up of your business, its critical that your contracts are created and completed correctly, to guard against any unwanted legal issue in the future.

2 Important Features

Contract law is complex, so sometimes its easier for people to understand when broken down. There are two essential features of contract law:

1. Contract Drafting
2. Contract Reviewing

Both of these processes are important when making a contract for your new business. Your contracts will have to be reviewed and approved by appropriate representatives before they can become valid, so the drafting phase is extremely important. While many business owners dont know how to draft their own contracts with all of contract law involved, the right legal representative can help you with this process.

If you or someone you know is starting a new business and needs advice or assistance regarding new contracts, contact an experienced Lafayette business attorney today to discuss how you can get the help you need.


Objects In The Roadway

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Most people use their cars to every day, and use them to get around everywhere. Because of this, our nations roads must be reliable. Not only is general upkeep and road construction to make repairs necessary, but the government entities responsible for any particular roadway should strive to keep roads as free of obstacles as possible. By quickly removing hazards from the roadway, many accidents can be prevented. Sadly, hazardous obstacles in the road are still a frequent cause of collisions and pile-ups on today’s roads.

How Do Obstacles End Up in The Road?

Roads need to be clear as long as they are open to traffic. Unfortunately, obstacles frequently find their way in front of the path of vehicles. Some of the most common causes of objects in the road include:

  • Road construction crews leave behind debris, cones, or supplies after finishing work
  • Rubber scraps from tires are left behind after tire blowouts
  • Fallen branches and trees due to tumultuous storms or aging
  • Trash thrown out by careless travelers
  • Objects fallen from large vehicles intended to move a large amount of goods

In addition to the municipal government, construction contractors may also be responsible for the debris left behind after roadway construction. Anytime objects are allowed to remain in the pathway of vehicles, they pose a significant threat to the safety of travelers.

Taking Legal Action

If you or someone you love was injured as a result of a car accident caused by a roadway hazard, the local or municipal government may be liable due to negligence. To learn more about your legal rights, contact a knowledgeable Madison car accident attorney. You could be entitled to financial compensation for the medical costs, pain and suffering, emotional distress, and ongoing costs associated with your injuries.


Toxic Tort Claims

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Toxic tort claims involve individuals who have been injured or became ill as a result of exposure to toxic substances. The plaintiff or group of plaintiffs in a toxic tort claim alleges that some entity or individual intentionally or unintentionally exposed them to the toxin which harmed them, and thus, that they are liable for such harm. If the plaintiffs win their case, they are usually awarded a large sum of financial compensation from the defendant. In most cases, tort claims of this sort become class action suits, although individual lawsuits are also possible. A common example of a class action tort for toxic exposure is when a group of workers from the same company are all exposed to asbestos, and many years later develop mesothelioma. Another example of a common class action toxic tort is when a neighborhood of people is harmed by toxic contamination of groundwater due to pesticides.

There are many different toxic tort categories. Some of the most common include:

Work-related toxic exposure industrial workplaces may expose workers to toxic substances. In some cases, the exposure comes in high doses for a short amount of time, and in others, workers are exposed to small amounts of some toxic substance over a long enough period of time to cause illness
Defective Pharmaceuticals When a prescription or over-the-counter medication results in unexpected harmful side-effects, those who were exposed and became ill may be able to hold the manufacturer responsible
Exposure in the home a common toxic substance that harms individual in their homes is mold, which can collect behind walls and under floors due to water damage and poor upkeep
Toxic products Pesticides and other toxic substances may cause unintended harm to consumers, even when used according to instructions

If you or a loved one has been exposed to a toxic substance and suffered an illness as a result, contact an experienced personal injury attorney about the possibility of filing a civil lawsuit.


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